Learn How to Perform CPR

Knowing how to administer CPR is important for everyone - regardless of age & occupation. Be the hero the situation needs! Learn CPR now.

Author: Staff Writer , Tags: #First Aid,#CPR,#Patient Awareness,

Learn how to perform Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR)

Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is a lifesaving technique that's useful in many emergencies in which someone's breathing or heartbeat has stopped. For example, when someone has a heart attack or nearly drowns. The American Heart Association recommends starting CPR with hard and fast chest compressions. The following steps on how to perform CPR can help untrained bystanders.

If you're afraid to do CPR or unsure how to perform CPR correctly, know that it's always better to try than to do nothing at all. The difference between doing something and doing nothing could be someone's life.

Hand placement during CPR
Correct Hand Placement during CPR: Have your elbows locked & arms extended.

Step 1: Shake the patient to check if they are responsive. Attract the attention of other bystanders to get help.

Step 2: Call 100, 102, 108, or other local emergency services. 

Step 3: Kneel next to the person & lay them flat on their back. 

Step 4: Check their nose for breath, check their mouth for obstructions, and check their pulse. Begin CPR if they are not breathing normally or don't have a heartbeat.

Step 5: Give 30 chest compressions
    • Hand position: Two hands centred on the chest
    • Body position: Shoulders directly over hands; elbows locked
    • Depth: At least 2 inches
    • Rate: 100 to 120 per minute
    • Allow chest to return to normal position after each compression
Step 6: Give 2 rescue breaths (mouth to mouth)
    • Open the airway to a past-neutral position by tilting their chin back.
    • Pinch the nose shut, take a normal breath, and make a complete seal over the person’s mouth with your mouth.
    • Ensure each breath lasts about 1 second and makes the chest rise; allow air to exit before giving the next breath

Note: If the 1st breath does not cause the chest to rise, retilt the head and ensure a proper seal before giving the 2nd breath If the 2nd breath does not make the chest rise, an object may be blocking the airway

Step 7: Repeat the 30 Chest Compressions & 2 Rescue Breaths pattern, until the person shows signs of life, e.g. moving, moaning, coughing or opening the eyes AND starts to breathe normally OR until someone more qualified (i.e. an ambulance) arrives and takes over. 

Article written with inputs from Dr Namrata Thakur.

Cover image source: Everyday Health


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